Saturday, September 17, 2011

How Has Welfare "Reform" Worked Out for Families in Poverty?

In 1996,the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant replaced the former Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program... 
  • Over the last 15 years, the national TANF caseload has declined by 60 percent, even as poverty and deep poverty have worsened:

These opposing trends — TANF caseloads going down while poverty is going up — mean that a much smaller share of poor families receive cash assistance from TANF than they did prior to welfare reform:

TANF cash benefits have not kept pace with inflation and are below half the poverty line in all states:

TANF benefits are a fraction of the estimated costs of housing for a family, and housing is only one of the basic needs that a family has...

Thursday, September 15, 2011

Aging Out of New York Foster Care Into Homelessness

A recent report from the Center for an Urban Future found that:

  • One in 10 youth in New York City who emancipated from foster care in the mid-2000s entered a homeless shelter within the first year 
  • Within three years, that number doubled to one in five.

Tuesday, September 06, 2011

African American Unemployment: Highest in 27 years

Quotes from CNN:
  • "The August jobs report was dismal for plenty of reasons, but perhaps most striking was the picture it painted of racial inequality in the job market."
  • "Black unemployment surged to 16.7% in August, its highest level since 1984, while the unemployment rate for whites fell slightly to 8%, the Labor Department reported."
  • "This month's numbers continue to bear out that longstanding pattern that minorities have a much more challenging time getting jobs," said Bill Rodgers, chief economist with the Heldrich Center for Workforce Development at Rutgers University.
  • "Even when you compare black and white workers, same age range, same education, you still see pretty significant gaps in unemployment rates," said Algernon Austin, director of the Race, Ethnicity, and the Economy program at the Economic Policy Institute. "So I do think the fact of racial discrimination in the labor market continues to play a role."